A Brief Look at the Legal System of Brazil
Brazil’s legal system is modeled after the civil law system. At the heart of Brazil’s legal system is the federal constitution. This is much like the constitution which is at the center of American law and legal precedence. The federal constitution of Brazil is the highest law of the land or the supreme law of the land. It is meant to be interpreted rigidly or literally. Once again, there is a strong resemblance to the Constitution found in the United States of America.
Brazil is ordained as a federal republic. 26 states and cities form the federal republic of Brazil. Brazilian states are allowed to create their own laws and even craft their own constitution. The federal constitution however, defines the laws and language that is permissible in the state constitutions. There is a strong parallel to the state rights of Brazilian states and state rights in the United States.
The highest court in the land is the Federal Supreme Court of Brazil. This is comparable to the United States Supreme Court. The Federal Supreme Court of Brazil is considered to be the protector of the federal constitution. It also has the power to strike down laws at the state and federal level that it deems to be in violation of the federal constitution of Brazil. Below the Federal Supreme Court lie lower level federal and state courts. Cities do not have their own courts in Brazil. They use state or federal courts to settle matters.
Ricardo Tosto, The Brazilian Maestro Lawyer
Ricardo Tosto is one of the top lawyers in Brazil right now. He studied law at Mackenzie Presbyterian University in Brazil. Mr. Tosto began his career working in a small law firm. His ambition led him to work for some of Brazil’s biggest and best firms.
Ricardo Tosto is the founder of his own law firm called Leite, Tosto and Barros Attorney Associates. Mr. Tosto became famous after defending individuals and companies in several high profile cases. His defenses have now become commonly used in Brazilian law. Furthermore, his unique insight has helped to craft some of Brazil’s economic and business law. Ricardo Tosto’s area of specialty is corporate litigation and defense.Read more